The Waves of Feminism (So far) | Kate J

Feminism, a theory revolving around the concept of equality for everyone, is constantly shifting and developing within our modern world, where feminism in the Western world can be categorised into three, or arguably four, waves: suffrage, liberation, and sexual and gender equality, with each moving to a more global scale. Since the term ‘feminism’ was created in 1837 by Charles Fourier, a socialist philosopher, feminism has shaped humanity all over the world, and will continue to do so in the future.

The longest period of feminism to date is the campaign for female suffrage and the right to vote, which although beginning in the 19th century, took place over nearly a hundred years. The only country where women are unable to vote is the Vatican City, after Saudi Arabia changed its law in 2011 to allow the vote by 2015. In the United Kingdom, the emergence of the Pankhurst family spurred the suffragette movement, and began to be recognised in wider society at the beginning of the 20th century. Worldwide, the first country to ever grant the right to vote universally was modern-day Finland in 1906, with the United Kingdom following over twenty years later in 1928.

The second wave for women was the movement out of the traditional role of home-maker and into the workplace, started in the United States by Betty Freidan’s Feminine Mystique which took the opinion that women in their current place were not fulfilling their potential. This moved across to the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s, and as a result more women began to work, both before and after having children. Although this was met with much resistance, today the United Kingdom workforce is 47% female, with increasingly more women in higher positions. However, there are more men named David as CEOs of FTSE 100 companies than there are women, fortune.com reported in 2016.

During the 1990s and continuing to the present, the third and fourth waves of protest concern the specifics of gender inequality and bringing these issues to all people, on a global scale, aware that previous movements had a focus on white, often middle class, women. A recent focus of this have been #MeToo and #TimesUp to bring attention to sexual assault, especially in the media industry. The empowering of women and girls through protesting body-shaming, harassment, racism and other issues that women all over the world face daily.

In 2018, feminism still has so much to achieve. As Caitlin Moran said recently in a Saturday Times column, ‘millions of women are being feminist everyday – whether they admit it or not’.

Image Link: https://www.stylist.co.uk/images/app/uploads/2019/08/18081306/womens-march-2020.jpg?w=1200&h=1&fit=max&auto=format%2Ccompress (05/03/21)

Café-Sci with Dr David Howard | by Eeman

On Thursday 5 October 2017, Dr David Howard delivered a motivational speech to the students and family of Northampton High School about the never-ending opportunities in Science, Medicine and Surgery for girls.

If I had to describe this talk in one word, it would be…inspiring. Howard’s modern views on the futures of women in S(science) T(technology) E(engineering) M(math) subjects have revolutionised the thinking of men across the world, and his colleagues as well I’m sure!

“Medicine is not a job, it’s a vocation”

Dr David Howard, Imperial College London

Dr David Howard, Professor of Head and Neck Oncology at Imperial College of London. Most commonly known for his works in countries such as Ghana; or the extensive and detailed research on top of Mount Everest with a unit of his professors, scientists and geniuses which, by the way, is truly fascinating to hear about. Not to mention, Dr Howard performed the big surgery on the Stephen Hawking! An iconic scientist and hero for people all around the world.

He opened his lecture with an anecdote about his wife, an incredibly successful and well-respected female figure in the science world, Dr Rosemary Baker- naming her his “greatest influence” along with Dr Rosemary Franklin who unfortunately died in 1968. In my opinion, this shows Howard’s respect, not only towards women and their significance in our present world but to his wife. He praises the magnificent works of Dr Baker; also about a few of her exceptional achievements such as teaching a theatre full of 60 men about the wonders and realizations in science, also the head of the Physiology Dep. at Kings College London She certainly deserves a title as one of our female idols.

Howard then moved on to listing only a handful of life stories of friends or fellow colleagues. Starting with Professor Ambrose, who travelled to Germany to learn about the techniques and difficulties involved in surgery from Dr Alec Fowler, closely following with the story of his PA, who possesses multiple impressive skills and is “just amazing” according to Dr Howard. He mentions the infamous quote…”Never judge a book by its cover.”, referring to his assistant and how she was enormously qualified than he was at things like computers and paperwork, even though she was his secretary.

Do whatever you want… just do it well!

Dr David Howard, Imperial College London

Overall, for most, I think it was a genuinely remarkable experience that I will remember through my life and no doubt I would recommend it to future students to participate in. Dr Howard is truly an honourable and inspirational male figure and very wise did I mention, these are some of the clever quotes he stated: “Medicine is not a job, it’s a vocation”; “Do whatever you want…just do it well!” Both of which we should take with us on our journeys throughout life, no matter which path you take.

Eco Team Fundraising

Over the past year, the Eco Team have completed a range of fundraising events in order to help people raise their quality of life in more disadvantaged parts of the world. Two specific charities we targeted were Adopt A Goat and Toilet Twinning; we ran a number of events, including a Onesie Day for which everybody paid £1 and also cake and bake sales; additionally the Eco Team sold frozen refreshments at Sports Day in order to raise funds.

In the Junior School, a ‘Spend a Penny’ event was organised, involving students throwing money into a toilet bowl in the Junior School foyer (a highly original form of fundraising and many thanks to Mrs Greenbank for organising this).

The outcome of these events was that we raised sufficient funds to adopt several goats (two goat couples), which went to families in Sub Saharan Africa. We also twinned toilets with the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone, helping a remote rural area and a refugee camp for people displaced by conflict.

We hope to continue this success over the next academic year by beginning to fundraise for disaster relief following recent earthquakes and hurricanes.